Research News

The latest scientific research and publications news.

Scottish Snow Patches Report 2019/2020

Iain Cameron and Blair Fyffe have just published the 24th annual report on the survival of Scottish snow patches in July’s issue of Weather. Iain is a researcher of UK snow patches and publishes his findings in the Royal Meteorological Society’s scientific papers twice a year. He and his team of volunteers have been exploring the Highlands for over 15 years and his findings have supported climate scientists in their understanding of how our changing climate is impacting our landscape.

Historical documents allow scientists to reconstruct the flooding history in Italy over hundreds of years

How to retrieve flood data from historical sources?

The researchers examined a vast number of historical documents including digitised diaries and old books. Out of the ~100,000 bibliographic entries, only 150 were found to be useful for the region and time period. Following watercolour painting is one of the historical documents of flood events affecting the city of Rome (Italy).

IPCC Special Report on Climate Change and Land released theWeather Club Mon, 12/08/2019 - 16:37

Why is there another IPCC report?

Marine heatwaves put biodiversity under threat theWeather Club Tue, 09/04/2019 - 11:02

Heatwaves do not only occur on land, but also inside the ocean. Marine heatwaves are defined as periods of prolonged anomalously high sea surface temperatures compared to the local 30-year long record. Although the occurrence of these events has been observed locally, researchers in recent years looked at this phenomenon at the global scale.

Study examines Arctic communities’ access to ice land and water theWeather Club Tue, 02/04/2019 - 09:43

Traveling across sea ice (Photo provided by courtesy of Kyra St. Pierre)

 

Impacts of a warming Europe

The European continent has a very rich culture and unique landscapes and climate. The climate is driven by the Gulf Stream, which makes it milder and wetter in comparison to other regions at similar latitudes. Everyone, who has traveled through Europe knows that landscape and culture change greatly even over small distances. Climate change is likely to impact the economies of European countries, both in positive and negative ways. How will warming affect tourism in summer and winter? Will some of the warming reduce demand for electricity?

Tornadoes in the United States are increasing in power

Tornadoes are the most violent of atmospheric storms with wind speeds exceeding 120 m/s. A tornado consists of a rotating column of air reaching from a thunderstorm cloud all the way to the ground. When a tornado develops a condensation funnel of water droplets and debris it becomes visible to the human eye like in the photo below. As opposed to hurricanes, tornadoes are occurring on a much smaller scale with shorter lifetimes and travel distances. Yet, they can be very destructive.